DISM Windows Server 2008 R2 Change Edition

Hit a little issue in my lab today, It happens that I went ahead and installed Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard for a bunch of my Lab VM’s. Now the issue is that I need Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise Edition to support the Windows Failover Clustering feature.

So long story short, I didn’t want to have to fully rebuild my Lab VM’s. So I went looking around and found a very nice way to in place upgrade to Enterprise Edition.

The command that we are going to use is the DISM.exe command (Deployment Image Servicing and Management Tool), that is available in Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2. You can find out more about the Tool HERE

  • First of all go ahead and on the server you want to run this command open up PowerShell as an administrator.
  • Click on the “Start Button” Type Power, PowerShell will then show under programs, Right Click the PowerShell Icon and select “Run as administrator.

image

  • Enter is this command in the window to find the version you are running, just to confirm. “DISM /online /Get-CurrentEdition”

image

    • Enter the following command to see which version you can in place upgrade too “DISM /online /Get-TargetEditions” You can see from the output of the command window, Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard can be upgraded to Enterprise and DataCenter.

image

  • Enter in the following command to upgrade your version of Windows Server. In my case I am going to be upgrading too Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise Edition, and the following command will do this. You need to have a key for Enterprise edition and fill in the XXXX with that information. Once the command is done running you will need to restart your computer, if you are ready just type “Y”.

DISM /online /Set-Edition:ServerEnterprise /ProductKey:XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX”

image

  • Once the computer restarts, you can go ahead and look at your computer properties, and you will now see you are running Windows Server Enterprise. Well in my case anyways.

image

Errors: If you get an error while running this prodcedure, see if any of the below issue will resolve the issue.

  1. Setting an Edition is not supported with online images” More than likley the reason you are getting this error is because the server you are trying to inplace upgrade has the AD DS Role installed and is acting as a domain controller. The only way to upgrade this one is to move the FSMO Roles to another server, then DCpromo the server, and make it a member server and then run the command, and then you can go ahead and make the server a Domain Controller once the edition of Windows has been changed.
  2. The specified product key is not valid for the target edition. Run this command again with a product key specific to the target edition.” I have no reason why this issue happens,(its key confusion of some sort) but to fix it you can go ahead and use the default KMS key provided by Microsoft 489J6-VHDMP-X63PK-3K798-CPX3Y, use this key in the command, and once the system reboots, go into the Server Manager and change and activate the softare with your own key.

Note: You cannot downgrade with this method, just upgrade. Also please do this at your own risk, I am doing this in a Lab Environment which is going to impact only one me. This is not a major upgrade, basically all it is doing is changing the product key if need be, and changing some registry values.

Create Domain in Windows Server 2008 R2

I know this is a simple process, but I was in the process of building a testing domain, so figured I would go ahead and screenshot the process, and add some simple notes to it. I hope someone finds it useful.

Microsoft Guidlines for Passwords

Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard (Dcpromo.exe) issues
Explains the error above, plus any other issues you may encounter.

Active Directory Backup and Restore Information. Explains more about DRSM.

Once the server reboots, you will need to logon to the server as a Domain Administrator. Which used to be your local admin account on the server. Just make sure to logon to the domain.

You can now begin configuring the domain.

ESXi 4.1 u1 WhiteBox Home Lab

This all came about from the amount of testing and learning I have been doing from home. Decided I needed to create a better environment for this but on a very small budget.

Before this I used VMware Workstation for all my testing needs (which is great by the way) and will still use it, but it started to get more and more difficult to accomplish my testing with this limited setup, and multiple systems running VMware Workstation. I wanted a more centralized setup where I could manage all and with some ease.

System Information x2

Model: OptiPlex 755 SFF
CPU: Intel Q6600
Memory: 8 GB of RAM, upgraded from 2 GB’s
Nic: Onboard Intel 82566DM, PCIe Intel Pro 1000 CT
PSU: 275 Watt
Hard Drive: 80 GB SATA

These systems take up very little room and consume a small amount of power.

Shared Storage: OpenFiler, NAS Appliance.

Network: NetGear ProSafe GS108, 8-Port, which supports Jumbo Frames, and VLAN’s.

Software

Installed ESXi 4.1 U1 on both systems, and for 60 Days (vCenter Evaluation) get to enjoy a HA/DRS Cluster, which will make this setup very green with full DPM support which allows one system to go into Standby when not needed.

This setup provides me with 16 GB’s of Memory, and 19 GHz of processing power. It will provide me with the ability to run several VM’s at once, without affecting my Desktop System, which in turn will give me a much better lab experience.

This solution allowed me to stay in a limited budget, with being able to source the Dell OptiPlex systems for very cheap, and only having to add extra memory, network cards, and a switch. I got this all up and running for less than $400.00.

SAN HeadQuarters 2.1 Upgrade Install

Upgraded my SAN HeadQuarters 2.1 from 2.0 and wanted to share my Upgrade.

Go to http://www.equallogic.com/ download the relatively small 44 MB file.

Double Click the SANHQSetup32And64.exe file and you will see the following screen. This part is where the Installer will check for an perquisites. Then it will prepare the installer.

The next section will show you the recommended upgrade actions. This is where is also gives you the option to archive existing SAN HeadQuarters Data (You can also pick the location of your archive). Go ahead and click continue.

The Installer will then begin to archive your existing data to the directory of your choosing.

After the Archive is complete, the installer will show you the location where the archive is stored. You should go ahead and document this location for a later time.

Now you will go ahead with the upgrade.

At this point it will Stop the Monitor Service – Install the new application files – Initialize Monitor Service

The Install is now done, with the check box selected to Launch the SAN HeadQuarters Client, click Finish.
Once SAN HQ Launches it will reconnect your Equallogic Arrays. This install takes only about 10 Min’s from start to finish. There is no reboot required.
One of the notable new features that I liked was the ability to get updates from the GUI, which it will also periodically check and alert you of new updates.

VMworld 2010 Registration (SWAG)

All registered and ready to enjoy VMworld 2010.

Registration

I have to say it went pretty good. Arrived at the Moscone Centre around 1:55 PM and a line was starting to form. Right at 2:00 PM the line started flowing, and everyone was in the process of registration. By 2:15 PM I had my Badge and was on the way to Room 101 for my Materials. Now this was a little bit Slow, thanks to my Friend Twitter and all the people twiting I found out they were have Techinical difficulties with the RFID scanners, they went to pen and paper to recorf everything. Around 3:00 I was in and getting my SWAG, but by this time they had the scanners fixed and were really starting to flow through the people. So all in all only took about an hour to get registered.
One thing that would be nice. Is when you register into the Hotel, your SWAG and badge is sitting for you and waiting in your hotel room. Now I know that is a dream, but Dreams sometimes come true.

SWAG
The normal thing, some sort of Bag, t-shirt, and Misc other things. But I have to say I like this bag. I’m not going to say to much just look at the pictures.

VMWorld 2010

VMworld is just around the Corner and I am getting pretty excited about it.

This is what I plan to see, the question is how many will I actually get to see. ; -)

 What are your sessions?


Monday
9:00 AM-10:00 AM BC6701 VMware Data Recovery – All You Need to Know!
10:30 AM-11:30 AM EA6705 Best Practices for Virualizing Active Directory
12:00 PM-1:00 PM ALT3003 VMware vSphere™ Performance & Tuning
1:30 PM-2:30 PM EA7849 Design, Deploy, and Optimize Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 on vSphere
3:00 PM-4:00 PM SP8543 Backup & Disaster Recovery – How to Protect Systems and Applications Across Physical, Virtual, and Cloud Environments
Tuesday
11:00 AM-12:00 PM EA7850 Design, Deploy, and Optimize Microsoft SQL 2008
12:30 PM-1:30 PM SS1002 Accelerating the Virtual Era with Dell
2:00 PM-3:00 PM TA8233 Prioritizing Storage Resource Allocation in ESX Based Virtual Environments Using Storage I/O Control
3:30 PM-4:30 PM TA7750 Understanding Virtualization Memory Management Concepts
5:00 PM-6:00 PM TA7805 Tech Preview: Storage DRS
Wednesday
9:00 AM-10:00 AM MA6580 Bridge the ESX/ESXi Management Gap Using the vSphere Management Assistant (vMA) – Tips & Tricks Included
10:30 AM-11:30 AM TA8133 Best Practices to Increase Availability and Throughput for VMware
12:00 PM-1:00 PM BC7773 VMware Site Recovery Manager: Misconceptions and Misconfigurations
1:30 PM-2:30 PM TA8270 Get the Best VM Density From Your Virtualization Platform
3:00 PM-4:00 PM TA8065 Storage Best Practices, Performance Tuning and Troubleshooting
4:30 PM-5:30 PM TA7743 ESX iSCSI News, Configuration, and Best Practices
Thursday
10:30 AM-11:30 AM TA6944 PowerCLI Is For Administrators!
12:00 PM-1:00 PM TA8900 vSphere Administration For The Average Admin
1:30 PM-2:30 PM EA8547 Disaster Recovery of Microsoft Exchange, SQL Server, and Sharepoint Server
3:00 PM-4:00 PM TA7805 Tech Preview: Storage DRS